No.2 Hall Boy Scholar Village
As families are transforming into nuclear families, family education is being threatened regarding manners and etiquettes, and education for the so called “rude children” is in urgent need.
In order to induce such problematic perception to the viewers by displaying such aspect of the reality, a mother and a child are arguing in a living room in an apartment.
Dongyi, a boy scholar sees this scene and points out the parts that are inappropriate and guide the viewers to search for the solutions through the experience view.
Birth of Scholar
As today, in the past there was a custom of celebrating the 100th day as well as 1 year anniversary of a baby’s birth.
Birth and 37 Days A baby’s birth is a very celebrative event but requires caution as well. The mother who has just delivered her baby as well as the baby who was just born are extremely weak and therefore are susceptible to getting diseases. Therefore, for 3 weeks after the delivery, a golden rope that has coal and paper is set in front of the front gates which are believed to drive back the negative energy and keeps others from entering the place. When the baby is born, if it is a boy they tie a pepper on the golden rope and in contrast if it is a girl they tie a pine needle to inform others of the baby’s gender.
100th day When a baby reaches 100th day since birth, the family is grateful for the baby to have grown healthily and therefore share rice cakes to other families and neighbors. There was a belief that sharing the 100th day rice cakes with 100 people brings the baby good luck. In return, the recipients of rice cakes give thread and rice which both have the meaning of hoping for the baby to live long. The rice cakes shared in the 100th day have a wide range of varieties. Steamed rice cake means long life and purity. Millet red bean rice cake means driving back disasters while glutinous rice cake means the wishes for baby to have perseverance and strong heart, and there is also the ‘5 Color Songpyeon’ which wishes for the baby to have a good balance of all 5 virtues.
1st Year Birthday When a baby reaches his/her first birthday, the family invites the relatives and neighbors to celebrate the 1st year birthday. If the baby holds the thread he/she will live long, if he/she holds a book or the brush he/she will be intelligent, if he/she holds money or rice he/she will be rich, and if he/she holds a jujube he/she will have many children. Moreover, if he/she holds the rice cake first, it means that he/she will be a great eater.
Finding the Root
Searching the Genealogical Table
Recognizing Our Family’s Title At a Glance
What do you call your mother’s little brother? Let’s use the footboard to answer the question. Let’s see. If we look at the picture across we can easily understand the degree of kinship
Simcheong who Went to Indangsu
Genre : Animation
Screening Time : Regular(approximately 5 minutes)
Seating Capacity : 20 People
How can we can we serve our filial duty?
‘Hyo’(piety) refers to respecting and devoting to one’s parents. Parents have given us life and love, and have raised us through difficulty. Therefore we have to repay the gratitude to our parents by fulfilling one’s filial duty. How can we practice filial duty?
First, one needs to have a respectful mind. We should not consider the love and grace as granted, but should rather consider the difficulty his/her parents must have gone through to raise him/her. This way one will naturally retain the mind of gratitude and such mind will be reflected on his/her facial expression or attitude.
Second, one should not make his/her parents worry. If we were to get hurt or are sick how worried and heart-broken should the parents be? In addition, if we do not work hard on our studies and go around doing bad things our parents may worry ‘what will my kid become later?’ Therefore we should always be careful and act with pride.
Third, we must make effort to become the child that our parents may be proud of. Maengja said that heightening one’s parents is the greatest filial duty of all. Therefore, one must try his/her best to become an honorable person.
Becoming a Boy Scholar
Learning the cheonjamun
Let’s have a seat and press the button at the front of the pen and write the character shown on the screen. This is a game where we learn Cheonjamun. If you sit on your seats the game will begin. (When the seats are all occupied) Are you ready? With the pen you have to press the character, not the numbers 1,2,3,4 shown in your answer choices. After you have answered correctly try writing it once more.
Cheonjamun which is composed of 1000 characters
[Cheonjamun] is the most elementary book to read when one accustoms him/herself to Chinese characters. Long time ago, in China, during the Yang Dynasty, Muje ordered a scholar named Juheungsa to write the textbook for young imperial princes. Based on legends, Juheungsa was originally a prisoner waiting to be executed. However, scholars who deemed his writing talents to be such a waste requested Muje to spare his life. Hearing this, Muje gave Juheungsa the Seocheop of Wanghuiji and told him to pick 1000 characters and make letters by grouping 4 characters so that they do not overlap with each other, and to write a poem with the letters. This had to be done in just one day. Juheungsa who had received the mission contemplated for a long time and finally completed a poem. Reading the poem, Muje was deeply impressed and therefore forgave Juheungsa and assigned him to a government official position. Since [Cheonjamun] is written as a poem, 4 characters must be read as 1 phrase and 8 characters must be read as 1 yeon. When looking at the first phrase "sky ‘cheon’, ground ‘ji’ …” the characters go like ‘天地玄黃 宇宙洪荒’, and this means that ‘the sky is far away and that the ground is yellow, and that the space is wide and rough’. [Cheonjamun] starts like this from sky and ground (cheonji) which explains the nature’s principle, and explains various aspects such as the scholarship path, reason of wise men and men of virtue, politics and farming, and scholar’s mental attitude. Although it is extremely elementary on the surface, it is possesses the mysterious essence of study.
Long time ago, in seodangs, when a class finished learning a book, the students would prepare some food as a sign of gratitude for the schoolmaster. Although it was a small event, it was a meaningful event. The reason they ate songpyeons in a book ceremony was because as a songpyeon was a rice cake that was full of stuffing such as red beans or other beans, they wished to be full of scholarly knowledge.
These days we have similar events with simple cookies right? Well, in the past there used to be noodles, gyeongdans, songpyeons etc.
These are the 3 standards and 5 disciplines in human relationships that , the Chinese scholar, has organized as the basics of morality.
- 父爲子綱(Buwijagang) It is fundamental for the son to serve his father
- 君爲臣綱(Gunwisingang) It is fundamental for the servant to serve his king
- 夫爲婦綱(Buwibugang) It is fundamental for the wife to serve her husband.
- 君臣有義(Gunsinyuui) There must be faithfulness between a king and a servant
- 父子有親(Bujayuchin) There must be closeness between a father and a son
- 夫婦有別(Bubuyubyeol) A husband and wife must have discretion
- 長幼有序(Jangyuyuseo) There must be order between adult and a child
- 朋友有信(Bongwuyusin) There must be trust between friends.
Rite of Adulthood Passage
Lifting the Rock As one of the games teenagers enjoy playing as well as a rite of passage where one can prove his strength to become an adult, it is believed that the ritual took its root from the ancient agricultural society where physical strength was of importance to recognize a person as an adult.
I am an Adult Now Gwanrye, Gyerye : As a rite of passage to become an adult males would wear a ‘Gat’ which is a Korean traditional hat made of bamboo and such ritual was called Gwanrye while females would put on a hairpin which was called Gyerye. Let’s put on the traditional clothes and experience the adulthood ceremony of the past.
How Important am I? Corner where you can think about your being! You can find out your lineage through the screen and think again about your identity here.